On 12Mar11, Bruce, Jennifer and Mark removed rock from bed E2 by sifting, and the bed was double-dug at the same time. Several hundred pounds of rock were removed. Chard starts were planted on the S 3/4 of the bed, consisting of Fordhook Giant #142 and Bright Lights #92 varieties. Approximately 120 plants were planted, with alternating transverse rows of 5 and 6, longitudinal spacing about 9 inches. On the N end of the bed were planted Fizz Kale #167 starts; there were 24 plants placed in a 3-row gridiron. Bruce topdressed a few plants with steer manure.